Typhoid fever is an acute but extremely infectious bacterial disease spread all over the world. It is also known as the enteric fever. Sometimes it can be life threatening. Commonly called us typhoid.
Typhoid still remains as an endemic disease in the developing countries.
Typhoid is caused by the bacterium called salmonella typhi. This bacteria is transmitted easily through the
- Contaminated food we eat
- Contaminated milk and its products
- Contaminated water we drink
- Unhygienic hands after the use of contaminated toilets
- Substandard living leads to accumulation of toxic wastes to promote typhoid
The bacteria enters the body goes straight to intestines then to bloodstream which take them to lymph nodes, liver, spleen, gall bladder and other parts of the body.
A little amount of people remain as the transporter of typhoid causing bacteria and just spread the disease by releasing the bacteria in the stool.
Signs and symptoms of typhoid:
The signs and symptoms are seen very gradually after the transmission of bacteria into the host body.
The most commonly seen symptoms after the onset of typhoid are
- Very high fever (even up to 105 degree Fahrenheit)
- Severe and continuous pain in abdomen
- Severe headache
- Diarrhoea is more often seen in children