Classification in Para sports are done under many categories. You might have noticed that an alphabet and a number are followed along with the name of the sport in the Para sports. The alphabet and number represent the classification under which classification the athlete participate in that particular sport. For example the T, F or S represent track, field or swimming events respectively. The number in the Para athletics classification represents the level of impairment; the lower the number within each impairment type,
the more severe the impairment.
Para athletics includes Para athletes with an eligible physical, visual, or intellectual impairment.
T stands for track, marathon and jumping events.
F stands for field events.
11, 12 and 13: vision impaired Para athletes.
20: Para athletes with an intellectual impairment.
30: Para athletes with co-ordination impairment often due to cerebral palsy or brain injury.
31, 32, 33, 34: Para athletes competing in a wheelchair.
35, 36, 37, 38: Para athletes competing in standing position.
40, 41: Para athletes of short stature.
42, 43, 44: Para athletes with a leg deficiency, leg length difference, impaired muscle power or impaired passive range of movement
in the legs, with athletes competing in a standing position.
45, 46, 47: Para athletes with arm deficiency, impaired muscle power or impaired passive range of movement in arms, with Para
athletes competing in a standing position.
51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57: Para athletes with impaired muscle power, restricted range of movement, limb deficiency or leg length
difference, with athletes competing in seated position e.g., with cervical cord injury, spinal cord injury, amputation, functional disorder.
61, 62, 63, 64: Para athletes with a leg amputation, who compete with prosthetics in a standing position.
Para athletes with an eligible physical impairment compete in Para canoe.
KL1: Para athletes who have very limited trunk and no leg function and paddle with shoulders and arms only.
KL2: Para athletes who are partially able to use their legs and trunk.
KL3: Para athletes have trunk and partial leg function. They are able to sit with their trunk bent forward in the kayak and are able to paddle by bracing their legs and using their hips.
Para athletes with a physical impairment compete in C (cycling), H (handcycling), T (tricycle) and BVI (tandem) classes, depending on their impairment.
C1, C2, C3, C4, C5: Para athletes with a limb deficiency, impaired muscle power or range of motion and coordination impairments affecting.
C1 Para athletes are the most impaired.
H1, H2, H3, H4, H5: Para athletes with impairments such as amputation or paralysis of the legs or motor function impairments.
T1, T2: Para athletes with a lack of balance and/or restriction in pedalling.
B1, B2, B3: Para athletes with vision impairments with a sighted pilot (one event only).
Para athletes with a physical impairment who use a rifle or pistol compete in Shooting Para sport.
SH1 Pistol, SH1 Rifle: able to hold a gun with arms. Para athletes with an impairment affecting one arm or the legs.
SH2 Rifle: unable to hold a gun with arms, so a stand is used. Para athletes with an impairment affecting the arms.
Para athletes with physical, visual, and intellectual impairments compete in Para swimming.
S stands for freestyle, butterfly, and backstroke events.
SB stands for breaststroke.
SM stands for individual medley.
1-10: Para athletes with a physical impairment
11-13 is for Para athletes with a vision impairment.
14 is for Para athletes with an intellectual impairment.
These many classifications are mainly done on the motive to bring out the best outcome of the sport from the athletes with similar impairment and also to reveal their real talent and determination.