What is Hypertension

Hypertension commonly called as high blood pressure is the state of increase in the pressure of blood flow in the arteries.

 

Blood pressure (BP) is the force exerted by blood against the wall of blood vessels during heart muscle contraction. The increase in pressure put lot of overload on the heart pumping action which thicken and stretches the heart muscles to enlarge. The enlarged heart cannot pump enough blood.

 

The normal blood pressure range is (120 – 80) mm of hg.

 

120mm of hg is the systolic pressure and 80mm of hg is the diastolic pressure.

 

When the blood pressure range goes beyond (140 – 90) mm of hg, it is said to be hypertension.

 

What are the types of hypertension:

 

The two main types are 1) primary or essential hypertension (unknown causes) and 2) secondary hypertension (direct cause).

 

The least common types are malignant hypertension, isolated systolic hypertension, resistant hypertension and white coat hypertension.

 

What are the causes and risk factors of hypertension:

 

Ageing – high blood pressure is commonly seen in the men very early than in women. Women have more chances only after menopause.

Water and salt imbalance in the body